The Taj Mahal is one of the Wonders of the World. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the representation of love of an Emperor for his beloved Queen. There is a beautiful pathway alongside a reflecting pool which leads up to the mausoleum of the Shahjahan and his Empress which is made with pure marble and is decorated with semi precious jewels. Built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal is made of pure white marble. The construction of the mausoleum began in 1632 and was completed in 1653. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the main architect of the Taj Mahal.
It is one of the biggest architectural achievement of Indo-Islamic architecture and the beautiful arches and domes along with the main structure make the whole Taj Mahal look absolutely resplendent. The four minarets add a three dimensional look to the whole monument. The size of Shah Jahan’s tomb is greater than Mumtaz Mahal and was installed right next to it after more than thirty years. A unique point of this cenotaph is that the upper tombs are only for show but the real tomb is in a crypt right below it.
The inspiration for Taj Mahal is said to be the Humayun's Tomb of Delhi, which was the first garden-tomb that was constructed in India. The Tomb was so magnificent that it came to inspire major architectural innovations throughout the Mughal Empire, including the world-renowned Taj Mahal.
The Humayun Tomb unlike Taj Mahal was ordered to be built for Humayun by his widow wife, Biga Begum, 14 years after he died. She employed the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath and the tomb was completed in 1571 at a cost of 1.5 million rupees.
To control the harmful impacts of rising pollution, an air control monitoring station has been installed to continuously keep a check on the air quality and to control any harmful effects before they arise. A lot of construction work has been done at the Taj after its initial completion but none has affected the original structure of this beautiful monument. All credit for this goes to the Archaeological Survey of India.
It is the perfect amalgamation of beautiful architecture and a page straight out of history text books along with a pure story of love and romance. The perfect symmetry and the gorgeous gardens surrounding it make for an experience of a lifetime. The splendour and grandeur of this monument is sure to take your breath away.