Sarnath in Varanasi is one of the four most important Buddhist pilgrimage centres of India. It is said that after attaining enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, Buddha came to Sarnath and delivered his first sermon to his five disciples-Kaundinya, Bashpa, Bhadrika, Mahanaman and Ashvajit for redeeming humanity.
They were then sent by Buddha to all the corners of the world to teach the doctrine of Dharma to people. A new doctrine of religion or Dhamma was laid here and a new order of monks was founded here known as Sangha. This place was referred to as Dharamachakra or Sadhamacharka Pravartana Vihar.
The Buddhist monuments worth visiting at Sarnath include the Dhamekha Stupa, the Chaukhandi Stupa and a number of monasteries and temples of different schools of Buddhism from Japan, China, Thailand, Burma and others. There is also the Dharmarajika Stupa which is very significant as it is said that this place has the remains of bones of the Lord Buddha.
One must also visit the Mahabodhi Temple within the park which is said to have a tooth relic of the Buddha. The Ashoka Pillar which is the National emblem of India is also found at Sarnath.
Sarnath is also famous because it is a major centre of the Sammatiya school of Buddhism. Sarnath is also known as Isipatana and is one of the four main pilgrimage sites for Buddhists from all over the world. The other three are Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Lumbini. Sarnath also has a very famous archaeological museum which conserves various ancient objects from the Buddhist arts.
You will also find a big Buddha statue with a height of 80 feet here. One can also visit the deer park here. Sarnath is a peaceful place with a calm environment and a must visit place to experience peace and calm.