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EXPEDITION 2
 

Monuments of India
RED FORT

Red Fort, Delhi
 
The Red Fort or Lal Qila is Shahjahan’s famous citadel which lies on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Construction of this elaborate fort began in 1639 and it took nine years to complete this magnificent fort. The Red Fort is different from the Agra fort and is better planned. It has two gates the Delhi and the Lahori gate. The structure has been built of red sandstone and marble has also been used in the construction. The Red Fort acted as a residential space for the Mughal ruler and was earlier called Qila-e- Mubarak’ or the Blessed Fort. It was included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2007.
 
Spread over more than 250 acres of land, the Red Fort is a brilliant example of the finest of Mughal architecture and shows their passion for perfection, grandeur and finesse especially during the era of Shah Jahan. Many changes were made to the Fort during the time of Aurangzeb and further after India gained Independence. Archaeological Survey of India was designated the task of restoration work of the Fort. The last Mughal ruler to inhabit the Red Fort was Bahadur Shah Zafar who stayed there till 1857.
 
 
Every evening except Mondays, the fort hosts a stupendous light and sound show depicting the grandeur and story of the Red Fort. There is an audio tour as well which is worth taking and will catapult right back to the Mughal era. Places to see inside the Fort are the Diwan-i-' Aam or the Hall of Public Audience; the Rang Mahal or the Painted Palace which has colourful interiors. The Mumtaz Mahal which is now the Delhi Fort Museum is also worth a visit. There is also a Diwan-i-Khaas or the Hall of Private Audience which is highly ornamented. There is a stunning Hamaam or bath from the Mughal times and even a mosque built by Aurangzeb-Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque. The Red Fort is another architectural wonder by Mughals and definitely worth a visit.
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