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EXPEDITION 2
 

Monuments of India
QUTAB MINAR

Qutub Minar, Delhi
 
Qutub Minar is a towering 73 metre high tower built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak after the fall of the last Hindu kingdom in Delhi. Qutab-ud-din Aibak, was the first Muslim ruler of Delhi and though he started the construction in 1200 AD, he couldn’t finish it.
 
The construction was later continued by his successor Iltutmush and then completed in 1368 by Firoz Shah Tughlak. The tower has five distinctive storeys. The first three storeys are made of red sandstone and the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. The first mosque in India was built here at the foot of the Minar- the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque. It is said that the material used in building the Qutub Minar was obtained from demolishing Hindu temples.
 
The most famous point of this monument is a 7 metre high iron pillar in the courtyard of the mosque. Legend says that if you can encircle it with your hands while standing with your back to it your wish will be fulfilled. Qutub Minar is on the most popular monuments in India and is well known across the world. It is said to be India’s most visited monument with around 3.9 million visitors every year. This magnificent monument is an exquisite example of Indo-Islamic Afghan architecture.
 
Each storey of the Minar has different designs and it takes 379 steps to reach the top which offers a beautiful view of Delhi. The base of the Qutub Minar measures 14.32 meters and the top of the structure measures 2.75 meters. The verses of the Quran can be found inscribed on the monument as well.
 
A trip to old Mehrauli is incomplete without a visit to the Qutub Minar and it is one of Delhi’s most popular landmarks and crowds throng there to take in the surreal sight. Places steeped in history have a special place in India and Qutub Minar is definitely one of the most beloved monuments in the country. 
 
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