Also known as the 'Palace Of The Winds', the Hawa Mahal in Jaipur is one of the most significant tourist attractions. It is a beautiful five-storey palace built of red and pink sandstone, which was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. He belonged to Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty.
The main architect of this palace is Lal Chand. It is a stunning example of the amazing Rajputana architecture. The Hawa Mahal has the shape of a pyramid and the main highlight are its 953 windows or jharokhas which are covered in elaborate designs.
This Mahal was constructed for the women of the Rajput household who never appeared in public and hence the 953 windows allowed them to view the hustle and bustle of the city yet remain behind the veil.
The Hawa Mahal was in built as an extension of the Royal City Palace. It has a height of about 50 feet from its base and its walls are less than a foot thick. The windows or the 'Jharokhas' enable free circulation of air within the structure.
The Mahal doesn’t have stairs but the upper floors are connected with slopes. You get an excellent view of the Jantar Mantar, the City Palace and the whole of Jaipur as well from the Hawa Mahal. It also has an archeological museum citing the place’s history along with other royal history, miniature paintings and ceremonial armour.
This beautiful monument is considered to be the landmark of Jaipur and is visited by a lot of tourists both local and foreign around the year. One must visit this monument in the early morning as the view is spectacular then and the monument itself looks stunning.
The palace is now maintained by the Archaeological Department of India. The pink and red sandstone structure adds to the charm of the ‘Pink City’ of Jaipur and the beautiful honeycomb like structure shows the grandeur and brilliance of Rajput architecture.