Fatehpur Sikri is a planned Mughal city built by Akbar in honour of Sheikh Salim Chishti whom he greatly revered. Akbar had named it Fathabad but later it came to be known as Fatehpur Sikri. It was built in the 16th century around 37 kms from Agra. This place has an excellent drainage system and the brilliant water supply shows how well versed the Mughals were with planning and architecture. Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best examples of Mughal architecture and splendour. This is a charming city full of palaces and illustrious institutions.
Like most of other Mughal architecture, the palaces here were also built of red sandstone and with grand additions of elaborate pillars, decorative arches, brackets, jharokhas or intricately carved windows. The architecture of Fatehpur Sikri is versatile and a perfect blend of Indo-Muslim design.
You will find a number of beautiful buildings here including the Jami masjid, Buland-Darwaza, the tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti, Khaas Mahal, Shahi Bazaar, Mina Bazaar, the Panch Mahal, Diwan-i-Khaas, Chaupar, Khwabgah, and Diwan-i-Aam.
Must see places include the Panch Mahal which is a fascinating five storey building which was used for shelter for the royal women. The top floor of the Mahal offers a spectacular view of the surrounding area. One must also visit the tomb of Salim Chisti for whom Akbar built the whole city.
It is very well known for its intricate carvings and you will always find hundreds of pilgrims here. Another important monument is the Buland Darwaza which is said to be the largest gateway in the world at a height of around 54 metres. It is a beautiful mix of Persian and Mughal architecture and was built to commemorate Akbar’s success in conquering Gujarat.
Fatehpur Sikri is also one amongst the World Heritage Sites as listed by UNESCO and is always on the must visit list of pilgrims and sightseers from around the world.