Agra Fort is located in Agra in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the river Yamuna. It was constructed by the famous Mughal Emperor Akbar. It is from this very fort from which the Kohinoor diamond was stolen by Babur’s son Humayun. The fort is surrounded by a 21.4 metre high defence wall. Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. Agra Fort was mainly built as a military strategic point but later it was used as the royal residence as well.
It has four gates on its four sides. The fort is spread across a huge area of about 94 acres of land. Three very popular buildings inside the fort have been built by Akbar which are the Delhi Gate, Akbari Gate and the Bengali Mahal. Some other noteworthy constructions to visit here are the Sheesh Mahal which literally means a glass palace whose walls are adorned with thousands of tiny mirrors and is a breathtaking sight.
Then there is the Diwan-i-Aam which was where the king met the public and it also had the famous Peacock Throne which was embedded with the Kohinoor. The Diwan-i-Khas was a special meeting place for all royalty. The Anguri Bagh is a stunning arrangement of 85 square, geometrically arranged gardens which leads to a hidden gateway to a two storey underground housing area for Akbar’s harem of 500 women. There are also three mosques in the Fort. First there is Mina Masjid which was Shahjahan’s private prayer mosque and which is now closed to the public. Then there is Nagina Masjid which was built exclusively for the ladies of the court and Moti Masjid.
Agra Fort is steeped in Mughal history and the architecture is breathtaking. A stone’s throw away from the Taj Mahal, it is worth a visit and there are a million unheard stories behind every nook and cranny of the Fort just waiting to be unearthed.